December 19, 2022
The Senate passed a bill on geodesy, cartography and spatial data
The deputies of the Senate in two readings considered and adopted the draft laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On geodesy, cartography and spatial data”, as well as “On amendments and additions to some legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan on geodesy, cartography and spatial data”, reports MIA Kazinform.
Minister of Digital Development, Innovation and Aerospace Industry Bagdat Musin, presenting the bills, noted that the current law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Geodesy and Cartography” was adopted in 2002. Over the 20-year period, major changes have taken place in the geodesy and cartography industry, digital technologies, satellite equipment have been introduced and widely used in production, requirements for accuracy, measurement efficiency and availability of spatial data have increased.
“In this regard, it became necessary to adopt a new version of the law and the accompanying law in order to eliminate gaps and conflicts. It is very important that the state of the geodesy and cartography industry directly affects the quality of the cadastre and land and property relations in the state, which means that it affects the interests of every citizen. Therefore, the development of all sectors of the economy and the solution of state tasks depend on the quality of work in this area,” Bagdat Musin said at the plenary session of the Senate.
The main objectives of the draft laws are to provide the Republic of Kazakhstan with a high-precision geodetic coordinate system, and on its basis to create a single digital cartographic basis of the country.
“Currently, Kazakhstan has a state coordinate system of 1942 (SK-42), inherited from the Soviet Union, which is outdated and does not meet the requirements for accuracy, efficiency and progressiveness, while almost all CIS states have implemented their own state coordinate systems. The absence of a single state coordinate system in Kazakhstan in the public domain has led to the fact that in order to avoid the use of data with a restrictive marking, various non—secret and, in turn, not legitimate coordinate systems are used, for example: several coordinate systems are used in one locality,” Bagdat Musin explained.
As a result, according to the Minister, a large volume of spatial data has been accumulated, created in various systems, formats and structures, which complicates and sometimes directly hinders the processes of using spatial information and integrating sectoral, regional information systems and cadastre data.
“The disparity of coordinate systems leads to the need to recalculate them from one system to another, however, the procedure for recalculation is also not regulated, which in turn causes complaints from the population and business entities to procedures in the field of land relations, architecture, geology, subsoil use and other areas using spatial information,” the head of the department said.
The result of the implementation of the draft basic law will be to increase the efficiency and quality of services provided to the population, create conditions for fair competition, increase the efficiency and efficiency of state control.
The purpose of the adoption of the draft accompanying law is to bring the current legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in line with the new law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Geodesy, Cartography and Spatial Data” being developed, as well as to eliminate gaps and collisions.
According to Bagdat Musin, the adoption of draft laws will not entail negative social and economic consequences.